Courtship amongst animals is a varied practice. On the one hand it could be very simple with the animal only being required to make physical contact to secure his mate. Or it could be a far more complicated affair relying on a mixture of communication signals. These may include displays of beauty or aggression, chemical cues, and vocalisations. Here are a few examples from the species featured on Fascinating Africa.
A male scorpion will initiate a mating dance by griping her pincers with his own. This enables him to move her around an area for between 30 and 60 minutes so that he can manoeuvre her over a capsule of sperm. Once she is in position he will drop her on to it so that her weight releases the sperm into her genital opening.
The venom of scorpions contain different neurotoxins which perform different functions. Some are even used to immobilize a mate during courtship.
The male ostrich’s mating dance, known as “kantling”, is quite spectacular. They will approach the female with feathers raised before dropping to their knees and rocking from side to side as he waves his wings and twists his neck.