The fever tree offers sustenance to a range of animals – baboons, monkeys and bush babies for the nutritious gum. Giraffes and monkeys eat the pods, elephants the young branches and leaves, and monkeys, butterflies, bees and the grey go-away bird are attracted to the flowers.
Fever tree trunks and main branches are used as fencing to keep hippos out of cultivated areas.
The species name for the fever tree has Greek origins, xanthophloea, refers to the tree’s bark, “xanthos” meaning yellow and “phloios” meaning bark.
The fever tree gets its common name from pioneers who believed that the tree caused fevers. In fact the fever was actually malaria which they caught from mosquitoes that bred in the swampy fever tree habitat.
The fever tree has pairs of long straight white thorns which slow the rate of browsing down. These thorns are prominent in young shrubby trees which are at more risk from browsers compared to the tall mature trees where they are barely noticeable.
Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria.
The genus of the fever tree, acacia, stems from the Greek word, “acantha” meaning spine, thorn or prickle.